natural paddy toran

Paddy, also called rice paddy, small, level, flooded field used to cultivate rice in southern and eastern Asia. Wet-rice cultivation is the most prevalent method of farming in the Far East, where it utilizes a small fraction of the total land yet feeds the majority of the rural population.

                 What is the process of growing paddy?

  • Land preparation: The land should be plowed and leveled to create a smooth, even surface for planting. If necessary, add organic matter or fertilizers to improve soil fertility.
  •  Seed selection and preparation: Choose high-quality seeds that are suitable for your climate and soil conditions. Soak the seeds in water for several hours before planting.
  • Planting: Plant the soaked seeds in rows or in a broadcasting method, making sure they are evenly spaced. The best time to plant is during the rainy season.
  • Irrigation: Paddy requires a lot of water to grow, so make sure the crop is irrigated regularly. You can use a flooded or sprinkler irrigation system
  • Weed control: Weeds can compete with the crop for nutrients and water, so it’s important to control them. Use manual or chemical weed control methods.
  • Pest control: Paddy can be susceptible to pests and diseases, so monitor the crop regularly and take appropriate measures to control any infestations.
  • Harvesting: When the rice grains have turned golden and the moisture content has decreased, it’s time to harvest. Cut the stalks with a sickle or a combine harvester, and then thresh the grains to separate them from the stalks

Overall, growing paddy requires a lot of care and attention, but the rewards can be significant. With proper management, you can produce a healthy and bountiful crop.

  • The main rice growing season in the country is the ‘WINTER’. It is known as winter rice as per the harvesting time. The sowing time of winter rice is June-July and it is harvested in November-December.
  •  West Bengal is the largest producer of rice in India
  • The paddy crop cannot be grown in winter since the water available is much less compared to the rainy season. Paddy crop requires a large amount of water. As a result, it is only grown during the rainy season. Paddy crop is a type of WINTER Crops.

    West Bengal ranks no.1 with a total rice production of 146.05 lakh tons. It is the highest rice producing state in India with a yield of 2600 kilograms per hectare.


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